Patra Pinda Svedana
Shastik Pinda Sweda
Sarvang Vashp Sweda
Panchkarma is mainly a detoxifecation therapy consisting of five main therapies. viz. Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya and Rakthmokshana.
Panchakarma is very effective and specified type of treatment in ayurveda. It is widely used in all 8(eight) branches of ayurveda, viz.
1) (kaya)- comprising of general medicine / all somatic disorders.
2) (bal)-comprising of gynecology, obstetrics, pediatrics.
3) (graha)-comprising of psycho-somatic disorders.
4) (Urdhvang)- comprising of ENT, ophthalmology, head & brain.
5) (shalya)- comprising of surgery.
6) (danshtra)- comprising of toxicology.
7) (jara or rasayana)- comprising of geriatrics & immunological studies.
8) (vajikarana)- comprising of sexual disorder studies.
Scope of Panchakarma
Panchakarma for Healthy People
• In daily life – nasya (nasal instillation); Snehan (oleation) is done by basti (Medicinal enema), karnapuran (ear instillation), etc.
Panchkarma in Seasonal Illness
||September-October October November
||Virechana, rakta -mokshana
• Panchakarma in geriatrics & pediatrics- panchakarma can be done safely in any age group. As for example, “basti treatment” can be given to a very old person and also to a new born baby.
• Panchakarma is equally beneficial for men and women and all types of panchakarma can be done in adults.
• Panchakarma is especially practiced to increase immunity and sexual power- before starting “rasayana” or “vajikarana” treatment it is always advised to undergo through a detoxification process called panchakarma.
• panchakarma is used for all types of chronic diseases as well as for newer diseases- in diseases like asthma, ;diabetes, high blood pressure etc. this treatment has given very enthusiastic positive results.
And In acute pain and swelling, procedures like snehana, swedana and rakta mokshana helps to relieve symptoms very quickly.
• panchakarma is also advised before any kind of surgical treatment. So that the reoccurrence of disease can be checked.
• panchakarma also helps to reduce the total time taken for the treatment of chronic diseases. Excess toxins are eliminated by this process thus giving medicine more space to act fast.
• panchakarma is cost effective treatment, since time taken to cure a disease is shortened, total cost of treatment ;goes down.
Digestive ( Pachana )
Before giving internal SNEHAN (oleation) some digestive drugs should be given for FEW days for improving the status of DIGESTION (Kosthagni).
A full body exfoliation and lymphatic drainage massage similar to Abhyanga but more invigorating. It uses a specially blended, herbal paste, made with various organic grains, flours, herbs and oils. having unique properties like melting excess fat tissue and scraping out dirt and toxins accumulated in the skin layers.
BENEFITS- This exfoliation treatment, tones and tightens the skin, leaving it feeling fresh, young and silky smooth.
Udvartana presses stagnant lymphatic toxins out of the body and is especially good for weight loss, cellulite and stimulating sluggish circulation and digestion.
Udvartana balances Kapha dosha and cleans the skin. It increases the metabolic rate and works mostly on rasa dhatu, enabling the Vaata dosha to flow and activating the nadi system
Snehan (Internal and external)
In this process animal fats, ghee [clarified butter], marrow or vegetable fats like oil of sesame, mustard, almond etc. are used either externally for massage on the whole body or the affected part or internally [orally]..
BENEFITS OF SNEHANA : By this treatment the skin becomes soft, the tissues are rejuvenated, appetite improves, and the internal organs get cleansed.
Snehapaan is characterized by the oral intake of ghee made from cow’s milk for internal purification before starting the panchakarma therapy (purva karma) or as a treatment. Generally the patient is given a dose of snehapanam of specific quantity and quality, based on the ability of the person to digest the medication. The person is also not allowed to eat anything till the medicinal ghee digests completely in his/her digestive tract
Snehapanam is considered beneficial in curing different conditions like osteo-arthritis, certain skin diseases like psoriasis, chronic constipation, etc.
Snehapanam is also considered to be an effective treatment for peptic ulcer
A soothing, warm oil, full body Ayurvedic massage. Massages are performed, usually by panchakarma technicians. Abhyanga normally uses individually herbalised sesame oil. The oils are herbalised according to dosha and penetrate deeply into the different layers of the skin, stimulating the release of toxins from the cells and increasing circulation.
BENEFITS : Regular Abhyanga promotes youthfulness, longevity, resistance to stress, enhancing deep sleep, energy, good health, joint and muscle flexibility, removing fatigue and revealing a softer, younger looking skin.
"It keeps one young and fights fatigue. It makes the skin healthy and increases density of muscles. It ensures sleep and blesses one with longevity.
This therapy show very beneficial effect in neurological disorders, Insomnia mental disorders and also promotes regeneration of the tissues and organs as well as internal function of the body
This is a process by which medicated oil, herbal decoction, medicated milk, Takra etc. as per the requirement is poured on the forehead in the continuous steam from a specified height, for a specific time period in a prescribed
BENEFITS : Shirodhara deeply calms the entire body and nervous system, bringing expansion of awareness and helping to relief many disorders such as insomnia, anxiety, mental stress and imbalances, mental fatigue, restlessness, headaches, mild depression and inability to handle stress. It is also used for epilepsy, brain tumors and schizophrenia. Shirodhara is specifically said to strengthen the dhatus (bodily tissues), to increase ojas and intuition and to bring greater stability in the mind. For optimum results, a series of 3 Shirodharas or more is recommended.
It is useful in Facial Paralysis, Hemiplegia, Insomnia, Psychiatric problems, Hypertension, Anxiety, Migraine, Hair fall, Alopecia, Trigeminal neuralgia, Loss of memory, Vertigo, Syncope, Parkinsonism, Cerebral ataxia and also Invigorates the body and mind.
Keeping the medicated oil over the head at a bearable temperature, by fitting a leather or foam cap for specified time period. Benefits as the same as cited in shirodhara process.
BENEFITS : It is given for reduction of mental imbalances, high Vaata imbalances, insomnia, (tension) headaches, anxiety, migraines, mental stress, restlessness, schizophrenia, epilepsy and brain tumors.
Medicated specified oil heaving bearable temperature is kept on the lumbosacral region for prescribed period by making circle through black gram paste
BENEFITS : spine to help relieve back problems, including muscle spasms and lower back rigidity. Regular Kati basti is helpful for strengthening the bone tissue of the lower back.
very beneficial in sciatica, lumber spondylitis, lumber disc lesion, prolapse inter vertebral disc, pott’s spine, muscle spasm and rigidity of lower spine
Kati Basti is given in case of back problems and is most effective for balancing Vaata in the lower back area.
Hrid is Sanskrit for heart. This treatment uses a special procedure including dough, to keep specifically herbalised oil in place on the heart for a period of around 30 minutes.
It is a most effective, simple treatment, given in the case of heart problems.
Hrid basti can help to reduce sternum pain and strengthen the heart.
Keeping the medicated specified ghrit or oil over the eyes at a bearable temperature by the help of black gram paste applied around the eyes for specified period
BENEFITS : particularly beneficial for anyone suffering from the effects of computers, pollution, or whose eyes feel strained. In our busy modern lives, full of visual stimuli, our eyes are often strained and tired, adversely affecting our vision and brain activity
Netra Tarpana gives nourishment to the eyes and has a relaxing effect on the eyes and surrounding tissues, removing impurities from the eyes.
It is used for any kind of eye problems - dryness, irritation, burning, eyestrain.
It removes ama and clears the eyes. The eyes are a pitta organ, the secondary seat of pitta, and should never get hot.
Netra Tarpana cools not only the eyes but also the brain Other imbalances that can benefit from Netra Tarpana include conjunctivitis, night blindness, cornea inflammation and other eye problems like itching, burning, dryness, strain or irritation. It also useful for relief of tension in the eye socket that may lead to loss of vision, pain and glaucoma. Netra Tarpana nourishes the nervous system, brain and memory. It makes the eyes lustrous and restores them to their sparkling best.
It is useful in Loss of vision, Myopia, Trachoma, Glaucoma, Optic nerve degeneration, Darkness & Roughness around the eyes, loss of lachrymal secretions
A soothing sinus relief and ear cleansing treatment.
BENEFITS : Benefits include reduced itching, dryness and ringing in the ears. The removal of excess kapha impurities opens up the sinus region, reducing head colds and allergy symptoms
help remove impacted wax, mucus and Candida (yeast) build-up.
Medicated oil heaving bearable temperature is kept on cervical spine for prescribed period by making a circle through black gram paste.
BENEFITS : It is useful in cervical spondylitis, cervical disc lesion, muscle spasm and rigidity of cervical region. It also provides strength to the muscles and bones of the cervical region.
Medicated oil with bearable temperature is kept on the both knee joint (back or front) for prescribed time period by making a circle through back gram paste.
BENEFITS : It is very beneficial in osteo-arthritis, osteoporosis, muscle spasm and rigidity in knee joint.
Swedana ( Fomentation )
The heat produced during fomentation helps in melting the vitiated doshas which are expelled out of the body through lubricated micro-circulatory channels
BENEFITS : By performing sudation the body becomes soft, the doshas get loosened from the affected srotasas [system] and get directed towards the koshtha.
The steam carries the molecules of herbs deeply into the skin, opening the pores and channels of
circulation, ridding the body of toxins hidden in the minute channels through the skin and sweat glands.
Svedana for cases of stiffness, earache, headache, back problems, joint problems, asthma, cough, constipation and many other disorders.
Poultice Fomentation to be adopted as line of treatment when Vaata aggravated and accumulated in the joints The uniqueness of this fomentation is that oleation and fomentation happens in the same time. This poultice is mixed with Vaata decreasing herbs, oils, and penetrating agents to facilitate transdermal absorption.
BENEFITS : It is very helpful in local pain and inflammation.
local steam fomentation cannelised through a tube called as “nadi” (steam/vapour of medicated decoction of leaves)
BENEFITS : It is useful in disorders of joints, neurological, problems such as cervical spondylosis, frozen shoulder joint, osteo-arthritis, ulner and radial neuritis etc.
the patient is kept in bath tub (Droni) containing medicated herbal decoction, oil, milk, takra at bearable temperature for prescribed period.
BENEFITS : It is helpful in treatment of Lumbago, Sciatica, Spondylosis, nervous disorders, Insomnia, Hemorrhoid, fistula in-ano, urinary tract infection. This therapy has also shows beneficial effect of soothing the nerves including sleep.
The process in which medicated oil is poured at bearable temperature continuously over the whole body and head in specific manner for specific time.
It is beneficial in Psoriasis and other skin disorders, muscular disorders, burning body sensation, neurological disorders, hair fall and this theory has effect of promoting health, beauty and strength
It is very useful in muscular atrophy, Parkinsonism, Multiple sclerosis, Quadriplegia, Osteo-arthritis. Osteoporosis, Paralysis, Cerebral Ataxia, Lumber spinal compression, muscular weakness, slip disc, fracture and dislocation of joint, sciatica.
This therapy has the effect of improving appetite, promoting strength, enhancing vitality and reversing aging.
Patra Pinda Svedana
Pinda Svedana is both a heating and cooling treatment that uses boluses, and cloth pouches filled with a mixture of herbs and medicated oils. containing leaves of Ark (caltrops), Arand (ricinus communis), Nirgundi (vitexningundo), Dhattura etc. according the disease
BENEFITS : Pinda Svedana is especially helpful in treating musculoskeletal disorders. It removes stiffness and gives nourishment to the body.
It is good for Pitta and is often used in cases of multiple sclerosis and muscular difficulties, such as muscular dystrophy.
it helps eliminate rheumatism, arthritis, joint and back problems.
Patra Potali is useful for both Vaata and Kapha problems, using oily treatment for Vaata problems and dry treatment for Kapha problems.
It is very useful in osteo -arthritis, cervical spondylosis, sciatica, peripheral neuritis, Rheumatoid arthritis etc.
Shastik Shali Pind sweda
It is a process by which whole body or part of the body is made perspire by external application of medicated bolus containing boiled rice certain herbal medicine and milk after oil massage.
BENEFITS : It is useful in muscular dystrophy, Poliomyelitis, muscular ligament weakness Paralysis, Facial paralysis, Frozen shoulder joint, Poliomyelitis, Osteo-arthritis, Osteoporosis, emaciations, muscular pain and restore the appetite sleep patterns.
Sarvang Vashp Sweda (kumbhi sweda)
It is the process by which whole body fomentation in the form of medicated wet steam fomentation resulting perspiration is produce from the whole body through a special Vashp swedan yantra.(steam box)
BENEFITS : This therapy is useful in Paralysis, Lumbago, Cervical Spodylosis, Osteo–arthritis, muscle spasm, neurological pain, Polyarthritis, Obesity, Sciatica and as a seasonal cleaning through for healthy person
It is one of the major procedures of Panchakarma therapy. Vaman means to expel out the Vitiated Kapha and Pitta dosha from the stomach, cells and tissue of entire body through mouth.
beneficial in Bronchial asthma, Sinusitis, skin disorders such as Psoriasis etc. Vaman is not done only in patients, but may also be doing normal persons for keeping them healthy.
In this process the infected doshas are thrown out of the body by medication of emetics. It is the most effective treatment in Kapha dosha.
Vaman is recommended in Vasant rutu [spring season] since there is natural increase of kapha dosha in our body. In a disease having predominance of kapha dosha, Vaman can be performed at any time after performing snehana and swedana.
Following are the indications for Vamana :
• Kushta [leprosy or skin diseases]
• Navajwara [fever]
• Shlipada [Elephantiasis]
• Granthi [lump]
• Kasa [cough]
• Shwasa [Asthma]
• Hrillasa [nausea]
• Pratishaya [cold]
• Visha [poisons/toxins in the body] etc.
Virechan ( Purgation )
This is medically induced purgation for Vitiated pitta dosha from bowels and also form whole body in cellular level.
It is very beneficial in Hyper-acidity, Jaundice, Renal disorders, Cardiac disorders, Constipation, Paralysis, Bronchial Asthma, Skin disorders, Piles and fistula, Internal worms, Mental disorders, Hypertension etc.
Virechana expels pitta from the amashaya (stomach and upper part of the small intestine) and is neither stressful nor painful and is the easiest procedure, usually unaccompanied by any complication.
Following are the indications for Virechana :
• Skin diseases
• Splenetic disorders
• Abdominal swellings
• Jaundice gout
• Gastrointestinal disorders
It is the main treatment on increased Pitta dosha and is recommended in Sharad rutu due to its natural increase in the specified season. Though this may be the case it can be performed in any season depending on the severity of the disease.
Basti ( Medicated Enema )
The process in which the medicated oil or herbal decoction is administered through anus or Urinary orifice or Orifice of uterus.
It is beneficial in Rheumatoid arthritis, Sciatica, Lumbago, Osteoporosis, Neurological disorders, Chronic constipation, Irritable bowel syndrome etc.
Following are the indications for Basti :
• Increases weight in emaciated people
• Decreases weight in the obese
• Improves vision
• Prevents aging
• Brings back luster and strength
• For health and longevity
|Basti is of three Varieties
It mainly contains decoction of medicinal herbs and a little amount of fat in it. It has been indicated in gout, diabetes, hyperacidity, disuria, meterrorhagia, heart diseases. So also it is not recommended in weak person or one who is suffering from abdominal distention, piles, diarrhea, dysentery, vomiting, cough, asthma
Following are the indications for Niruha Basti:
• Retention of flatus
• Retention of urine
• Retention of stools
• Loss of strength
• Dosha deficiency
• Splenetic diseases
• Abdominal swelling and pain
It mainly contains fats and a small amount of decoction of herbs. It has been indicated in the following ailments:
Indications for Anuvasana Basti :
• Anaha [distended abdomen]
• Vatarakta [Gout]
• Pleeha [Splenomegaly]
• Aatisaara [Diarrhea]
• Pratishaya [Cold]
• Malavrodha [Constipation]
• Rajonaasha [Amenorrhea]
• Vata-rogas [various diseases caused due to imbalance of Vaata dosha]
where oil or quath (decoction) is administered, is recommended for urinary tract and gynecological problems. The selection of oil or quath depends upon the disease to be treated. Uttar Basti is administered through the urethra into the urinary bladder. When treating gynecological problems, Uttar Basti is given through the vagina into the uterus.
The pre- and post-procedures for Uttar Basti are the same as is being followed for Nirooha and Anuvasan Bastis.
Indications for Uttar Basti :
Uttar Basti is indicated for problems of the uterus like heavy menses, scanty menses, painful menses, prolapse of the uterus, infertility and also urinary tract problems.
Nasya ( Errhine therapy )
Nasya / Shirovirechana eliminates the increased doshas situated in the head. Nasya is process where by medicinal oil, juice, herbal powder or even vapors are introduced into the nose by a special method.
It can be performed to maintain health or in diseases like Headache, Hicca [hiccups] Manyastambha [Cervical spondylosis], Swarabhransha [Sore throat], in epilepsy, skin disorders.
By performing Nasya the breathing process becomes smooth and the indriyas [Special senses] i.e. the nose, ears, eyes, throat, tongue strengthen and improve their function.
Nasya is very useful in the diseases of the upper part of the neck. It shows the very beneficial effect in Headache, Migraine, Chronic-sinusitis, Allergic rhinitis, Hair fall, Facial paralysis, Frozen shoulder joint, Radial and Ulner neuritis, Stiffness in neck and shoulders, Epilepsy, Sleeplessness, Loss of speech, Stammering, Asthma and also helps in improving the intellect of a person.
Nasya karma prevents the diseases of the eyes, ears, throat, oral cavity and improves the speech, delays aging; and bestows a pleasant oral smell.
Following are the indications of Shirovirechana:
• Shoulder ache
• Alteration of voice
• Chronic coryza
• Diseases of mouth, nose, ear, eye and head
• Diseases of the eyelid
• Dryness Of The Nose
• Facial Paralysis
• Frozen Shoulder
• Hemi Crania
• Hoarseness of voice
• Multiple Sclerosis
• Seminal disorders
• Shoulder pain
• Sinus Congestion
• Stiffness in the head, neck, teeth and jaw
• Toothache and other tooth disorders
Nasya is also advised in night time for certain disease s like excessive salivating, talking in sleep, grinding of teeth, greening in sleep, difficulty in opening the eye lids, offensive breathe, karna naada (tinnitus aurum), hemiplegia, disease of head, swas roga (asthma), cough and excessive sleepiness.
|Nasya is of five varieties
It refers to the instilling of the drops of medicated oil in the nose.
It refers to the instilling of the juice (extract) of a drug through the nasal passages.
Dhamapana nasya / Pradhdmana nasya
It refers to the inhalation of fine powder in the nasal passages with the help of a nadi- yantra.
In Dhumanasya medicated fumes are inhaled through the nasal passages and are eliminated through the oral route.
Disease or symptoms like cough, asthma, peenus, loss of voice, offensive breath, anemia, premature graying of hairs, ottorrhoea, discharge from eyes, excessive salivation, itching and pain in the eyes, ears and mouth, stiffness in these parts, sleepiness and sluggishness and hiccough. These symptoms or disease are prevented in a person who uses proper Dhumapanam.
Dhum may be applied to the ulcers and at that procedure it is called vranadhupnah (fumigation of the wound.)
Pratimarshya (Daily Oil Nasya)
This type of therapy is administered by dipping the clean little finger in ghee or oil and inserting into each nostril. After inserting the clean finger (dipped in ghee or oil) into the nostril, the nasal passage is lubricated and given a gentle massage. By doing this, the deep nasal tissues are opened up. By doing Pratimarshya on a regular basis, stress can be released to a great extent.
Raktamokshan ( Blood letting )
Blood letting is one of the best therapies for blood disorders and Pittaja roga is done by various methods like leech, Siravedha etc. Rakta mokshana" means extracting blood from the body through certain specific equipments like Shrunga [horn of an animal], Alabu [An instrument prepared from dried bottle gourd], Jalauka [Leech], Siravedha [puncturing a vein].
This procedure is basically for purification of blood and used is in the treatment of diseases like Eczema, Vitiligo, Non healing ulcers, Sciatica, Haematomas, Varicose veins, Rheumatoid arthritis etc.
Following are the indications for Raktamokshan :
• Vidradhi [Pus formation]
• Pleeha [Increased spleen]
• Agnimandya [Loss of appetite]
• Jwara [Fever]
• Netra, Mukha, Shiroroga [Diseases pertaining to eyes, mouth, head]
• Trushana [Excessive thirst]
• Kushtha [leprosy/Skin diseases]
• Vatarakta [Gout]
• Bharma [Vertigo]
• Liver disorders
Raktamokshana procedure is carried out in 5 different methods.
• Jalaukacharana: - It is the method of blood letting by using leeches. This is a simple procedure.
• Prachanna: - Incising the diseased part with different instruments is called prachanna.
• Sringa: - Impure blood is drawn with the help of cow's horn by applying it over the incised area is called sringa.
• Siravyadha: - Siravyadha is excising a particular blood vessel.
• Alabu:-In this procedure dried bottle is used. first incision is made on the skin, and then alabu is placed tightly. Before placing the alabu, a small cotton swab is ignited inside it. due to negative pressure the blood will flow to the surface. After the removal of 30-60ml blood, alabu is pulled out and wound is covered with drugs to heal.
Paschat karma can be described as the dietetic regimen to be followed after taking Panchakarma treatment. It is important since it activates the appetite in slow but sure manner. If this is not followed properly the various processes give rise to complications.
Some general rules to be followed after performing Panchakarma.
Sansarjana Karma or a special post Panch Karma dietary regimen and a particular disciplined daily routine for a specified period is to be undertaken to yield long lasting results.
Sansarjana karma (Diet therapy)
It is re-establishment of jatharajni (digestive power) and obtaining body capacity, which is loosed by main Panchakarma. Special diet schedule is given.
Rasayana karma (Ayurvedic tonic)
rejuvenation process for prevention of early aging and provides strong immunity to the body. Read More....
Vajikarana Karma (Aphrodisiac treatment)
It is a therapy for better performance of sexual & body power. in Ayurveda, the discipline associated with promoting and producing fertility. VaJikarana is that by which one becomes strong like a Horse (Vaji) and enjoy sex without any fatigue and becomes strong and most lovable to woman.
Ayurveda thinks that VaJikarana or virification Therapy is an Integral normal aspect of our day-to-day sex life. VaJikarana is almost necessary for the purpose of family welfare and a Healthy social set-up.
Research has proved that the Antidepressant effects of VaJikarana drugs like Mucuna pruriens, withenia Somnifera etc. are quite essential for a sound Mental health.
The above view indicates the psychological component of vajikarana Therapy in every days Happy, Healthy Sex Life. Really speaking, Family welfare includes the Healthy Family adjustment which is possible only if the Family Sex relations are right. Modern Sexologists also are of the opinion that disturbed Sex life is admittedly the thing which causes most shipwrecks in the Happiness of Men and Woman...
Medicine Therapy (Sanshaman karma)
Ayurvedic medicines is given for diseased person. It absorb very well after panchakarma.